Thinking in Dewey’s Experimentalist Education:
The Contribution of the Internet and Digital Tools

Leonard J. Waks

The purpose of this paper is to explain how the introduction of the Internet and digital tools renews and enriches
John Dewey’s experimentalist model for teaching and learning with particular attention to the place of and resources for higher order thinking.
Design/Approach/Methods—The methods include a close exposition of Dewey’s classical texts, and a thought experiment introducing ICT elements into Dewey’s design diagrams for teaching and learning.
Findings—Dewey’s model has inherent difficulties, and that digital technologies helps resolve them.
Originality/Value—With the Internet and new digital tools, teachers can design new virtual learning spaces and learning activities. Learners can use online information and communication tools to act more effectively using higher-order thinking skills.





Postdigital Knowledge Cultures and Their Politics

Michael A. Peters, Tina Besley, and Petar Jandrić

This paper aims at exploring politics of contemporary knowledge cultures and possible directions for responding to the postdigital challenge.
Design/Approach/Methods—This paper researches history and present of several prominent strands and readings of the knowledge economy. Following Caruso’s work, it examines more closely the differences between the managerial paradigm and the cognitive capitalism paradigm. Recognizing the postdigital nature of contemporary knowledge cultures, it points towards a
postdigital merger between the managerial paradigm and the cognitive capitalism paradigm.
Findings—The paper identifies individual and social tensions between industrial and post-industrial modes of production and
rapidly changing dynamic of social development. It examines the relationships between knowledge cultures and digital
technologies. Based on recent insights by the father of the World Wide Web Tim Berners Lee and his non-determinist views to
digital technologies, it identifies knowledge cultures as sites of political struggle against various (material and non-material,
technological and non-technological) closures over access to information and knowledge. Finally, it briefly outlines possible
directions for responding to the postdigital challenge of knowledge cultures.
Originality/Value—The paper provides an original contribution to theory of knowledge cultures and its relationships to the
postdigital condition.




When Students Become “Prisoners”: A Game Theory Analysis of Internship by Beijing College Students

Xiaohao Ding, Wei Ha, Le Kang, and W. John Morgan

The oversupply of college graduates and increasing competition in the Chinese urban labor market have forced college students to undertake internships much earlier and to a greater intensity in the hope of boosting their employment prospects. It may be argued that the considerable time and energy thus spent on internships is deleterious to their university
studies. The paper considers the factors that determine the intensity of an internship experience.
Design/Approach/Methods—Building on a Cobb-Douglas utility function, the paper constructs a Prisoners’ Dilemma game to model the internship behavior of Chinese college students, and then examines the determinants of internship using data from a 2011 survey of approximately 10,000 Chinese college students from 47 higher education institutions in the Beijing metropolitan area and multivariate regression analysis.
Findings—Empirical results confirm three key hypotheses derived from our model: first, students’ perceptions of higher differentials across available jobs in the labor market entice them to intern excessively; second, the improving quality of college
teaching and the consequent benefit for knowledge acquisition mitigates the need for excessive internship; third, student
preferences for fundamental knowledge acquisition also tilts the balance towards more study and less internship.
Originality/Value—These findings suggest that in the context of a tight graduate labor market, improving the quality of college
teaching provides




Language Ability or Personality Works? : The Return to Possessing a Global English Test Certificate for College Graduates in China

Sheng Cui, Kunfeng Pan, and Yangyong Ye

English language skills have great influence on labors’ earnings from the global perspective. To reveal the economic
returns to English language ability in Chinese labor market, we investigate how the global English test certificate affects college
graduates’ wage.
Design/Approach/Methods—We adopt the ordinary least squares (OLS) and propensity score matching (PSM) methods,
using data from Chinese Education Panel Survey (CEPS).
Findings—The results indicate that with English test scores controlled, possessing global English test certificates have an additional positive effect on wage premiums whereas domestic English test certificates do not. Therefore for college graduates in China, the act of chasing certificates represents proactivity and is rewarded at the initial employment stage.
Originality/Value—Our findings imply that global English test has great comprehensive value in labor market: the certificate is
not only the important signal to students’ English language, but the crucial indicator to one’s productivity personality which is
rewarded at the initial employment stage.




Teacher Efficacy and Affective Well-Being in Hong Kong: An Examination of Their Relationships and Individual Differences

Shenghua Huang and Hongbiao Yin

The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between dimensions of teacher efficacy and affective well-being
while focusing on the roles of demographic characteristics (gender, grade level, educational background, and seniority).
Design/Approach/Methods—1,115 primary and 541 secondary school teachers in Hong Kong participated in the questionnaire
survey. A series of t-tests, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted.
Findings—The younger teachers reported lower scores for wellbeing and efficacy than their senior counterparts, and the female and primary school teachers reported significantly higher levels of teacher efficacy for student engagement than their respective counterparts. Of the dimensions of affective well-being, pleasant affect was more closely related to teacher efficacy than negative affect, and the activated pleasant dimension of enthusiasm had the strongest influence. Of the three dimensions of teacher efficacy, efficacy for student engagement was most strongly associated with affective well-being.
Originality/Value—The study revealed that teachers’ affective well-being is not only important in itself, but also contributes
to classroom teaching. The enthusiasm and passion possessed and maintained by teachers could play important roles in
enhancing their self-efficacy. Furthermore, maintaining a good affective well-being status and even a modest level of anxiety contributes to their efficacy for student engagement, a dimension on which teachers reported the least confidence. Suggestions were put forward on how to improve teacher efficacy and well-being.





The Weight of a Backpack: A Phenomenological Analysis of Typical Chinese Children’s Songs

Heping Xiong

The purpose of this paper is to explore the experience of the weight of a backpack as represented in typical Chinese
children’s songs through a kind of phenomenological approach.
Design/Approach/Methods—The core issue pertaining to Chinese children’s songs about backpacks is how the weight sense of backpacks is generated and developed in the field of song phenomenology.
Findings—The “whatness” of a backpack in typical songs has varied over the past six decades, meanwhile, the backpack and
its songs conceal not only the secrets of childhood but also those of China’s educational system.
Originality/Value—The originality of this paper embodies the unique perspective to provide a new insight into the current
scholarship of the micro-politics of song-singing and the weight sense of backpack.





Making Teaching an Enviable Profession: New Epoch-Making Teacher Policy in China and Challenges

Tingzhou Li